Our jewels are made completely by hand. Each stone is hand set-including every tiny pavé crystal, and most surfaces are hand polished. All other collections are made from a brass or white metal base that is plated in rhodium, palladium, gold, or antiqued silver or bronze. Rhodium is a highly prized precious metal; palladium is part of the platinum family of metals and we plate with 18-karat gold or higher. Touchstone Crystal jewelry contains no nickel, lead or cadmium. Our Quality testing matches that done for Swarovski, and is supported by Swarovski teams around the world. Testing is conducted for corrosion, perspiration, ‘pulling’ and more; inspection is conducted after manufacturing and when items arrive at our facilities for packaging and shipping.